The shoulder joint is the most mobile joint in the body and because of that is also one of the most susceptible to injury. You shoulder is composed of a shallow ball and socket joint held together by many muscles, ligaments and tendons and is innervated by the nerves of the lower neck (cervical spine). These nerves send impulses to the tissues that control the motion and function of the shoulder.
Misalignments in the cervical spine decrease the nerve supply to the shoulder resulting in muscle weakness, imbalance and instability.
Lack of exercise and chronic poor posture at work and home can decondition the shoulder over time.
Osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common joint in the shoulder to develop arthritis is the acromioclavicular joint or AC joint.
Rotator cuff tendonitis is the inflammation of tendons and muscles that help move the shoulder joint. This inflammation is typically caused by overuse or repetitive shoulder motions.
Bursitis is inflammation of fluid-filled sacs called bursae that provide a cushion between bones and tendons, and/or muscles around a joint. Your subacromial bursa is the most commonly inflamed bursa in the shoulder.
A rotator cuff tear is a tear of one or more of the tendons of the four rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder. Depending on the severity of the tear, surgery is sometimes necessary.
A SLAP lesion is a type of tear to the glenoid labrum, which is the fibrocartilage that surrounds the shoulder joint. These injuries typically occur after a fall onto an outstretched arm or in athletes involved in overhead and throwing activities.
LEARN MORE ABOUT CHIROPRACTIC ORTHOPEDIC CARE @ American Chiropractic Association
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